This study examines the roles of transitional justice and reconciliation in post-conflict societies and the relationship between these two concepts. There seem to be a widespread pessimism regarding the possibility of combining these two concepts in a post-conflict situation due to what is described as a fundamental tension between justice and reconciliation. However, I find that the connection and relationship between the two, in many ways, is underdeveloped. My aim is therefore to further develop and expand the bridge, which I believe must exist, between these two concepts and make this connection clearer. By doing this I wish to determine whether the two concepts might be interdependent and mutually reinforcing, rather than incompatible and impossible to combine. Rwanda is used as an empirical illustration of a post-conflict country which tries to perform a dual process of justice and reconciliation. Rwanda has used both retributive and restorative approaches to justice, via the ICTR and the Gacaca, in order to come to terms with the gruesome genocide of 1994.