Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand born on 11 December 1969 is an Indian chess grandmaster and a five-time World Chess Champion.Viswanathan Anand became India's first grandmaster in 1988.He held the FIDE world championship from 2000 to 2002. He became the undisputed world champion in 2007 and defended his titlein 2008. He then defended his title in the World Chess Championship 2010 against Veselin Topalovand in the World Chess Championship 2012 against Boris Gelfand. In the World Chess Championship 2013 he lost to challenger Magnus Carlsen and he lost again to Carlsen in the World Chess Championship 2014.In April 2006 Anand became the fourth player in history to pass the 2800 Elo mark on the FIDE ratin list, after Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Kramnik and Veselin Topalov.He occupied the number one position for 21 months, the 6th longest on record.He was also the first recipient of the Rajiv gandhi khel ratna award Award in 1991–92, India's highest sporting honour. In 2007, he was awarded India's second highest civilian award, the Padma vibhushan, making him the first sports person to receive the award.