-to capture power and form a government.
-to safeguard the national interests through their programmes and ideologies
-the parties which fail to gain power and are unable to form a government, sit in the opposition and monitor  the sections of the ruling party
-to present to public the choice of having their own representatives by fielding their candidates for elections
-to provide public leaders to whom the reigns of the government can be entrusted in an democratic way
-to provide a common platform for uniting the masses who are otherwise divided into social,economic,religious and cultural groups ,through a coherent ideology and a common programme of action

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