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The Himalayan range though protect us from the Cold & chilly northern winds but also has adverse affects on the life which resides on it. Due to landslides the plants, animals also gets affected. 
The leeward side of the western ghats gets minimum rainfall due to obstructions of the western ghats, whereas the leeward side gets ample amount of rainfall.
The desert present in Rajasthan (Indian Desert) due to it characteristics features has adverse affect on the life of people which results in problems like water scarcity etc.
As India is a peninsula the chances of tsunami also increases.
India is also in the zone of earthquake occurring zone which makes it more prone to earthquakes.