Horses are mammals of the family equidae. The common horse is the species Equus caballus. It was domesticated from wild horses by humans at least 5000 years ago. They gallop up to 30 miles an hour. Horses are also known as amazing jumpers and racers.
A male horse is a stallion, and a female horse is a mare. The general term for a young horse is foal. A young female horse is a filly, and a young male horse is a colt. A castrated horse is a gelding. Horses have hooves which need protection by horseshoes from hard or rough ground.
The horse is found in almost all the countries in the world. It is seen in different colours-red, black, white, brown or of combination of colours. Australian horses are very large, while the horses in Burma are shorter in size. Arabian horses are famous for their beauty and obedience. There is also a kind of small horse known as 'Pony'. The horse lives on grass, straw, grams and leaves of trees.
The horse is a very useful and faithful domestic animal. It is used for carrying men and load. In those days, when transport facilities were limited, the horses were used as vehicles for long journeys. The horse is an intelligent animal. It can be trained in many ways. It is used in war, circus, races, to draw carriages, and even in ploughing the field for cultivation.
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