Count Camillo Cavour (1810-1861) was prime minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1852 to 1859 and from 1860 to 1861. He played a leading part in the unification of Italy. 
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Camillo Benso Cavour was an, 1810–61, Italian statesman, premier of the Kingdom of Sardinia. The active force behind King Victor Emmanuel II, he was responsible more than any other man for the unification of Italy under the house of Savoy . Of a noble Piedmontese family, he entered the army early but came under suspicion for his liberal ideas and was forced to resign in 1831. He then devoted himself to travel, agricultural experimentation, and the study of politics.