A country which has all the features of a continent such as large area, population,varied physical features ... is called a sub-continent.


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A place is classed as a subcontinent when it is part of a continent but is considered either geographically or politically as an independent entity or it is smaller than a continent.
India is often called a subcontinent because it is a distinct landmass, not just a country. While it has many features of a continent, it is not as big as one, so is not considered a continent. India was once a continent (or at least a very large island). Due to continental drift,India moved north, joined and became part of continent Asia. But India is a distinct area separated by the Himalayas. Originally it was a separate geologic plate, but has collided and merged with Asia.

Indian subcontinent constitutes SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)countries that are India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka & Maldives. This group of countries are combined together to be called Indian subcontinent as once in the History, they were a part of India.
 But, now also these seven countries' geographical and climatic features match each other.   the Indian subcontinent's climatic and geographical features are different from other countries of Continent of Asia.

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