Neuron is the longest cell in our is more or less like a plant.the two main parts of neuron are axon and cyton.cyton is also known as the cell is composed of dendron,dendrite and nucleus.axon is also known as nerve is composed of schwann cell,neurilemma,myelin sheath,nissl granules, and node of ranvier.the ball like structures at the end of neuron is known as synaptic knob.
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Neurons are the basic building blocks of the nervous system. These specialized cells are the information-processing units of the brain responsible for receiving and transmitting information. Each part of the neuron plays a role in the communication of information throughout the body.