The Asian Games, also called the Asiad, are the world's second largest multi-sport event after the Olympic Games. Regulated by the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) under the supervision of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the Games are held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. As per a tradition started in 1951, medals are awarded in each event, with gold for first place, silver for second and bronze for third. National anthems and flags accompany the medal ceremonies, and tables showing the number of medals won by each country are widely used.The Asian Games owes its origins to small Asian multi-sport competitions. The Far Eastern Championship Games were created to show unity and cooperation among three nations—the Empire of Japan, the Philippine Islands and the Republic of China. The first games were held in Manila in 1913. Soon other Asian nations also participated in the games. However, they were discontinued in 1938 after Japan invaded China.Many of the new independent Asian countries after World War II wanted to use a new type of competition where Asian dominance should not be shown by violence and should be strengthened by mutual understanding. Accordingly, during the 14th Olympic Games in London in 1948, Indian IOC representative Guru Dutt Sondhi proposed to sports leaders of the Asian teams the idea of having discussions about holding the Asian Games. They agreed to form the Asian Athletic Federation and a preparatory committee was set up to draft the charter for the Asian amateur athletic federation.In February 1949, the Asian athletic federation was formally formed and used the name Asian Games Federation. It was decided to hold the first Asian Games in 1951 in New Delhi, the capital of India. It was also decided that the Asian Games would be regularly held once every four years.
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