Though cool or cold winters, hot summers and moderate monsoons are the general patterns.During summer, the temperature often rises above 35 °C across much of
the Indo-Gangetic plain, reaching as high as 60 °C in the Thar desert,
Rajasthan and up to 49 in Delhi. During winter, the lowest temperature
on the plains dips to below 5 °C, and below freezing point in some
states. Heavy to moderate snowfall occurs in Himachal Pradesh, J&K
and Uttarakhand. Much of north India is notoriously infamous for heavy
fog during winters.
Extreme temperatures among inhabited regions have ranged from −45 °C (−49 °F) in Dras, Jammu and Kashmir to 50.6 °C (123 °F) in Alwar, Rajasthan. Dras is claimed to be the second-coldest inhabited place on the planet (after Siberia), with a recorded low of -60 °C.[