A reported speech has parts.
Direct speech - it is the one in which the actual words of the speaker is told.
Indirect - It is the one in which the statement of the speaker is not represented in his actual words but in our own way without changing its meaning.
Direct - Ram said " I am feeling hungry".
Indirect - Ram said that he was feeling hungry.
( There are specific rules for sentences, on how they will be changed based on tenses, modals and supporting words.)