State the function of each of the following parts of the human eye: (i) Cornea (ii) Iris (iii) Pupil (iv) Retina Millions of people of the developing countries are suffering from corneal blindness. This disease can be cured by replacing the defective cornea with the cornea of a donated eye. Your school has organised a campaign in the school and its neighbourhood in order to create awareness about this fact and motivate people to donate their eyes after death. How can you along with your classmates contribute in this noble cause? State the objectives of organising such campaigns in schools.



Following are the functions of the different parts of the eye:

(a) Cornea: The cornea controls and focuses light into the eye. It contributes 65%–75% of the eye's focussing power.
(b) Iris: The iris regulates and controls the amount of light entering the eye by automatically adjusting the size of the pupil according to the intensity of light that the eye receives. It also gives colour to the eye.
(c) Pupil: The pupil expands or contracts to regulate the amount of light entering the eye.
(d) Retina: The eye lens converges the light rays to the retina. The retina has large number of light sensitive cells.

When the light falls on the retina, the light sensitive cells of retina get activated and generate electric signals. The retina send these signals to brain and gives sensation of vision. We can contribute in this noble cause by inviting people from our families and localities to come in the program and by motivating them to donate their eyes after death.
The objective of organising such campaigns in schools is to spread awareness in the society about the donation of eye and to motivate people for this noble cause.