it was an ancient region in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the north east  and in the southeast  corresponding to today’s Iraq. in greek, Mesopotamia means between two rivers  The 'two rivers' of the name referred to the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers and the land by the Arabs referencing what Egyptologist J.H. Breasted would later call the Fertile Crescent, where Mesopotamian civilization began.
1 5 1
 Area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of SyrIa and to a much lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran.Widely considered to be the cradle of civilization in the West, Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires, all native to the territory of modern-day Iraq. In the Iron Age, it was controlled by the Neo-Assyrin and Neo-Babylonian empires