The Green Revolution refers to a set of research, development, and technology transfer initiatives occurring between the 1930s and the late 1960s (with prequels in the work of the agrarian geneticist Nazareno Strampelli
in the 1920s and 1930s), that increased agricultural production
worldwide, particularly in the developing world, beginning most markedly
in the late 1960s. The initiatives, led by Norman Borlaug, the "Father of the Green Revolution," who received the Nobel Peace Prize
in 1970, credited with saving over a billion people from starvation,
involved the development of high-yielding varieties of cereal grains,
expansion of irrigation infrastructure, modernization of management
techniques, distribution of hybridized seeds, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers.