## Answers

When it is bent to form circle.......the ends of diameter seperates the circle into semicircles in such a way that the two semicircles make a parallel connection in the circuit.Also both the semicircles have equal circumference therefore they have equal resistance.We get 4R as the resistances of the semi circles {8R=4R+4R}.

Therefore 1/effective resistence =1/4 + 1/4 =1/2 ===Effective resistance=2R