a taxonomic category of the highest rank, grouping together all forms of life having certain fundamental characteristics in common.eg Animalia,plantae,etc
Phylum is second highest unit of classification after Kingdom. It includes one or more related classes of animals. In plants, instead of phylum, the term ‘division’ is used.
Class is a taxonomic group consisting of one or more related orders. For example, the class, Mammalia, includes many orders like Primata (Man), Carnivora(Lim, tiger) etc.
Order is a taxonomic group containing one or more families. For example, the order, carnivora, includes many families.
Family is a taxonomic group containing one or more related genera eg. Family hominidae contains Apes, Monkeys and Man. In plants, families are categorized on the basis of vegetative and reproductive features.
Genus is a taxonomic group including closely related species. For example, the genus, Solanum, includes many species such as nigrum, melongen a, tuberosum, etc.
A group of closely related organisms that are very similar to each other and are usually capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring. The species is the fundamental category of taxonomic classification, ranking below a genus or subgenus.