Man’s oldest dream has been to establish one world state or a world government consisting of all the countries of the world. In the past also some religious and political philosophers had envisaged this idea of a world state. The Vedas of the Hindus had preached “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” i.e. the entire world should be treated as one family.
Saint Augustine, the famous Christian philosopher, talked of establishing one world kingdom of God on this earth and thereby achieving world unity. Dante, an Italian philosopher, favoured the setting up of a world government for the peace and the prosperity of the entire mankind. Thus a number of great men have been propagating the idea of one world state from time to time.
Although the idea of one world state has not taken concrete shape yet, a few positive developments in the world have no doubt hastened the process and made the establishment of one world state in the future a distinct possibility. For instance, great strides made by science and technology in modern times have brought various countries of the world close to each other. As a matter of fact, in the modern age the world has become quite small. Improvements in telecommunication have made it possible for news to travel all over the world like lightning. Happenings in one country affect other countries as well. The feeling of internationalism is growing very fast due to the network of newspapers, radio, television, telephone, e-mail, cell phone etc.