The types of forest prevailing in India are:
i) Tropical evergreen forests
ii) Tropical deciduous forests
iii) Thorn forests
iv) Mountain forests
v) Tidal forests
Occurs in place which receives more than 200 cm of rainfall.
Areas: The rainforests found in the slopes of Western Ghats, parts of West bengal & Orissa, North-eastern states, Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
The forests are very dense, evergreen & tall.
TROPICAL DECIDUOUS FORESTS
Occurs in places which receives 100-200 cm of rainfall.
Areas: Monsoon forests in the slope of Western ghats, north-eastern parts of Deccan Plateau, Northern plains & foothills of the Himalayas.
The trees shed leaves for 6-8 weeks in summer.
Occurs in places with rainfall less than 100 cm.
Areas: Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Deccan plateau.
The trees are short & widely scattered having long roots to take water from deep below the ground.
Occurs in places which have constant change in altitude.
Areas: Jammu & Kahmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand & Sikkim.
Tropical deciduous forests are found in this region.
Areas: Eastern coasts, large deltas formed by Ganga & Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna & Kaveri.
They consists of mangrove trees which can survive in both freshwater & saltwater. These plants have breathing roots to help themselves survive.