A neuron or the nerve cell is the building part of the nerve
Neuron :- It is the electrically excitable cell that process and transmits information through electric and chemical symbol to the central nervous system and motor cells

It is also known as neurone or nerve cell

Function :-

Note that there are different types of neuron and they have different functions

Afferent neurons convey information from tissues and organs into the central nervous system (CNS) and sometimes are called sensory neurons.

Efferent neurons transmit signals from the CNS to the effector cells and are called motor neurons.

Interneurons connect neurons with specific region to the CNS