The period from 1793 to 1794 is known as the Reign of Terror.
Maximilian Robespierre sentenced to death all those persons who he considered
as enemies of the republic, whether they were ex-noble, clergy, and members of
any political parties; including Jacobins. The execution was completed after
trial by revolutionary tribunal. At that time Robespierre followed a policy of
severe control and punishment.
Guillotine, a device, named after inventor Dr. Guillotin, was used
to behead a person at that time. It consists of two poles and a blade. Guilty
persons were beheaded using guillotine.
Government led by Robespierre issued many laws among which ceiling
maximum wages and price and rationing were main. Foods, such as meat and bread
were rationed. Peasants were forced to sell their grains on fixed price in
cities. Citizens were forced to eat equality bread, white flour which was
costlier was forbidden. Use of Citoyen and Citoyenne for men and women citizen
started instead of the traditional Sir (Monsieur) and Madam (Madame). Churches
were shut down and their buildings were converted into offices and barracks.
Practice of equality was sought everywhere.
Because of forcible implementation of laws, even supporters of
Robespierre started the demand for change. Finally, Robespierre arrested and
guillotined in July 1794. Reign of Terror ended with the end of Robespierre.