it refers to the institutionalized application of force to counterrevolutionaries, particularly during the french revolution from the years 1793 to 1795. it is arguably the most common form. practitioners of this type of terrorism seek the complete abolition of a political system and its replacement with new structures. just as establishment terrorism often arises when more lenient forms of keeping law and order fail, so too does revolutionary terrorism become an option when a military victory isn't possible. rebellion can take different forms. on one extreme, you can field an army against a dominant government if you have the resources. if you're outmatched, however, other methods are available.