1. as population increases demand for food grains increased and therefore farmers increased their cultivating land by cutting forests

2. colonial rulers think forests as wilderness and hence need to be cutted

3. because of the railways to lay the sleppers made of wood

4. to meet the growing demands of commodities like tea, coffee , jute many large lands were bought under plantation
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A . railway have to be set up for making transport easier and thus so many trees were cut down for making sleepers .
b . a population was increased , needs also increased , so forest was cut down to clear the ground for agriculture .
c . In England , their was a great demand of coffee and tea . as India was a colony , British clear that forest to cultivate coffee and tea.
d . Their were also a great need for fodder to make products in factories.
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