a) Land routes refers to the
roads, passages, highways, railway etc which have connected various places
together which were earlier not even known to us.
Mountains which were
initially seen only as to protect us from the neighbouring countries attack,
protect us from the northernly wind, are now having a great use in creating
relationships & better them with the countries ones we had feared. The
trade has also been advanced due to these land routes. They have also been an
important in minimizing the enimity between nations.
Land routes within our
country had made the most hidden handmade skill available to the markets &
making the people aware of such new skills.
b) The peninsular India lies
to the south of the Northern plains which is the oldest landmass of the Indian
continent. Inidan peninsular plateau comprising of central & southern
It is made up of hard
igneous & metamorphic rocks, & are rich in minerals.
The plateau has two
distinct parts – The Malwa plateau in the north & The Deccan plateau in the
The Malwa plateau is
bounded by the Aravalli range.
The Narmada river (in the
south) lies the Deccan plateau. It is bounded by Satpura range, Mahadeo hills,
Maikala Hills & Kaimur hills.
It extends upto the tip of
the peninsula. The hills bordering the western edge of this triangular plateau
are collectively known as Western Ghats. Anaimudi, Kerala is the highest peak
in India. The hills which form the eatern edge forms the Eastern ghats.
c) The Himadri, The Himachal & The Siwaliks.