The location and relief helps in determining the climate of india as follows:-
1. distance from the sea: places near the sea have a cool climate than plays far away from the sea 

2. distance from the equator: places near the equator are very hot and as we go higher latitudes the temperature decreases.

3. the himalayan mountains : they protect india from the cold winds of the north. because of the himalayan mountain india has a tropical climate if they hadn't protected our country from the cold winds of the north,our country would be freezing.

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