In the British India a new type of landlords was created out of the erstwhile tax collectors viz. the Zamindars and permanent land settlement. Under the term of this settlement the right of ownership was conferred on the Zamindars. Before this settlement’, the land was to be auctioned by the State on patta basis on which the Zamindars only had the right to collect revenue. After this settlement, this land became theirs permanently i.e., they became hereditary owners of this land. Zamindars’ only obligation was the payment of fixed land revenue to the British
Broadly, there were two types of landlords: (i) the Zamindars taluqdars (old landlords) and (ii) money-lenders, merchants and others. Those who held such ownership of tenure rights were often referred as intermediaries.
On the eve of the independence, the class of intermediaries owned a large portion of land, while the peasant cultivators had little or no lands.
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