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Buffer stock is the stock of food grains namely wheat and rice procured by the government through Food Corporation of India.
The government launched buffer stock for the following reasons :
> It was created to distribute food grains in the deficit areas of the country.
> Food grains from the buffer stock are distributed among the poor strata      of the society at lower price than market price.
> It also helps the problem of shortage of food during adverse weather
   conditions or during the periods of calamity.
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