The Non-cooperation movement began with an active response from the
people but it slowed after a while. The Non-cooperation movement spread
to the rural areas as well and coincided with the protests of peasants
In Awadh, Baba Ramchandra, led the peasant movement. This movement
demanded revenue reduction, abolition of begar and social boycott of
oppressive landlords. In October 1920, Oudh Kisan Sabha was set up
headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, Baba Ramchandra.
The Peasant movement developed a violent streak, as the peasants
attacked houses of the landlords and looted markets. Leaders misused
Mahatma Gandhi’s name and ideals.
In the Gudem Hills of Andhra Pradesh, tribal peasants misinterpreted the
meaning of Swaraj and had suffered a lot of oppression at the hands of
the British. As a result they staged a rebellion under the leadership of
a man called Alluri Sitaram Raju.
Under the new forest policy the British Government had imposed a lot of
restrictions on tribal. They were not allowed to collect fuelwood and
graze their cattle in the forests. British had also forced them to
render their services as Begars.
Raju did not believe in the Gandhian ideals completely. He thought that
freedom could be acquired by force and not non-violence. To achieve
Swaraj, the rebels of Gudem hills attacked British officers and carried
on Guerilla warfare. In 1924, Raju was captured and executed.