Answers

2016-03-12T16:15:34+05:30
There are a number of geographical reasons why India has diverse flora. 

a) its diverse climate ranging from tropical jungle to the Thar desert to the Himalayas and Hindu Kush - this means that the plants have a wide range of climates to adjust to; 

b) there are also a range of flora zones on the Himalayas as you ascend the mountains. 

c) there are seperate floral areas on offshore islands. 

d) the diverse range of ecoregions encourage floral diversity. 

The ecoregions of India include: 

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests 

* Andaman Islands rain forests (India) 
* Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests (India) 
* Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests (India, Myanmar) 
* Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests (India) 
* Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests (Bhutan, India, Nepal) 
* Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests (India, Bangladesh) 
* Malabar Coast moist forests (India) 
* Maldives-Lakshadweep-Chagos Archipelago tropical moist forests (British Indian Ocean Territory, India, Maldives) 
* Meghalaya subtropical forests (India) 
* Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests (Bangladesh, India, Myanmar) 
* Nicobar Islands rain forests (India) 
* North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests (India) 
* North Western Ghats montane rain forests (India) 
* Orissa semi-evergreen forests (India) 
* South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests (India) 
* South Western Ghats montane rain forests (India) 
* Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests (Bangladesh, India) 
* Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests (India) 

Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests 

* Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests (India) 
* Chota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests (India) 
* East Deccan dry evergreen forests (India) 
* Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests (India) 
* Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests (India) 
* Northern dry deciduous forests (India) 
* South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests (India) 

Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests 

* Himalayan subtropical pine forests (Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan) 
* Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests (India, Myanmar) 

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests 

* Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests (Bhutan, India, Nepal) 
* Western Himalayan broadleaf forests (India, Nepal, Pakistan) 

Temperate coniferous forests 

* Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests (Bhutan, India, Nepal) 
* Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests (India, Nepal, Pakistan) 

Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands 

* Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands (Bhutan, India, Nepal) 

Montane grasslands and shrublands 

* Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows (Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal) 
* Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe (Afghanistan, China, India, Pakistan) 
* Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows (China, India, Pakistan) 
* Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows (India, Nepal) 

Flooded grasslands and savannas 

* Rann of Kutch seasonal salt marsh (India, Pakistan) 

Deserts and xeric shrublands 

* Deccan thorn scrub forests (India) 
* Indus Valley desert (India, Pakistan) 
* Northwestern thorn scrub forests (India, Pakistan) 
* Thar desert (India, Pakistan) 

Mangrove 

* Godavari-Krishna mangroves (India) 
* Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves (Pakistan) 
* Myanmar coast mangroves (India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand) 
* Sundarbans mangroves (Bangladesh, India)
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2016-03-12T16:22:32+05:30
Same 2 the answer given by the above
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