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1 Protection from outside injury by cushioning sudden blows or movements
2 Allowing for freedom of fetal movement and permitting symmetrical musculoskeletal development
Amniotic fluid is inhaled and exhaled by the fetus. It is essential that fluid be breathed into the lungs in order for them to develop normally. Swallowed amniotic fluid also creates urine and contributes to the formation of meconium. Amniotic fluid protects the developing baby by cushioning against blows to the mother's abdomen, allowing for easier fetal movement and promoting muscular/skeletal development. Amniotic fluid swallowed by fetus help in the formation of gastrointestinal tract.
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