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Santiniketan is a small town near Bolpur in the district of Birbhum  of West Bengal, India, and its distance from kolkata is about 180 KM.

Once upon a time today’s Shantiniketan was known as Bhuban Danga, which was the den of a local dacoit named Bhuban Dakat. “Danga” means a vast unfertile plane land. The land was owned by the Tagore family. Rabindranath Tagore’s father, Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, renamed it as Shantiniketan, which means abode (niketan) of peace (shanti). 
Rabindranath Tagore started an open air school there for children named as “Path Bhavan”. Tagore’s idea was that of learning in a natural environment, in the open, under the trees, would be more closer to nature. Classes in the open still in vogue there.

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