The upgrading of the United Nation’s  mediation support capabilities through its Department of Political Affairs  and of its peacebuilding capacity through the Peacebuilding Commission, the Peacebuilding Support Office and the Peacebuilding Fund has allowed it to better intervene in violent conflict and to support post-conflict recovery. The United Nations Development Programme  has worked closely with the rest of the system in these areas. However, violent conflict, and its prevention and management, has changed significantly over the past decade, and especially in ways where UNDP may be best placed to play a critical role.