1. Procure, process and market milk and milk products. 2. Arrange/Provide macro level inputs like cattle-feed, animal health and breeding care, etc. 3. Arrange for training and education of managing committee members, staff, and members of dairy cooperative society and also for the Board members, managers and staff of the milk union. In general, the Union carries out five important functions: procurement, processing and marketing of milk and milk products, providing technical inputs, institutional strengthening of milk cooperatives, enhancing women involvement in dairy cooperatives, organisation of extension activities and rural development services. The union owns and operates dairy plant; cattle feed plant, fodder and bull mother farms, semen collection station etc. for animal husbandry activities. In addition to the above, the milk union carries out research development and other promotional activities for the overall benefit of milk producers. The milk union organizes the macro-level inputs such as compounded cattle feed, fodder seeds, and various veterinary services for treatment of sick animals, all of which are made available to the milk producers through the dairy cooperative societies. Thus, it is at the Union level that professional skills are hired for specialized purposes, which individual producers cannot afford to do. The union pays to the societies dividends on their shares and bonus in relation to the quantity of milk supplied by them during the year. The milk products processed by the union are also marketed through the State Milk Federation. A special feature of the Anand Pattern is that the unions are under continuous and concurrent audit to maintain financial propriety. 2.4. Functions of a Milk Federation: The important functions of the state milk marketing federation are: Ø Marketing of milk and milk products. Ø Manage production planning and State Milk Grid (movement of milk within the state). Ø Coordinate with state government, central government, NDDB and other agencies.