Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Jaipur was a feudatory of the Mughals and received the title of 'Sawai' (that literally means one and a quarter) from Emperor Aurangzeb, who declared him a quarter superiority to his famous forbearer Mirza Raja Jai Singh (d. 1667) after he took over the Fort of Vishalgarh from the Marathas in 1701. An Imperial Edict officially recognized the title of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1712. The rulers of Jaipur began the practice of flying two flags, one full and one quarter-sized to commemorate the event. After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, the Mughal Empire slowly declined and the Delhi Court became the most obvious seat of intrigues and treacherous politics.
In 1719 when, after surviving the treacherous assassination attempts and other diverse opposition, the nineteen-year old Muhammad Shah became the Emperor that some sort of steadiness was achieved. His reign lasted for the next twenty years until the Afghan invader Nadir Shah plundered Delhi in 1739 and along with other precious items, carried away the famous Peacock Throne. The perceptive and opportunistic Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II managed to keep hold of his political importance during these chaotic times. His proficient diplomacy had managed to keep him in Aurangzeb's good eyes and he remained a favorite too with Muhammad Shah.