Prevention includes the identification of hazards, the assessment of threats to life and property, and the taking of measures to reduce potential loss of life and property damage, sometimes known as disaster mitigation.
Mitigation measures range from:
community awareness campaigns to increase knowledge of how to deal with disaster situations
land use planning and design decisions to stop development which may be dangerous in the event of a disaster
capital works such as levee bank construction to reduce the impacts of flooding.
All mitigation measures are important as they not only reduce the cost of disasters to the community, but they save lives.
Disaster managers at all levels are responsible for using a risk management process to identify prevention and mitigation options.
Preparedness includes arrangements or plans to deal with a disaster or the effects of a disaster. Disaster District and Local Government Plans are developed to provide for the activation of the disaster management system and provision of resources to be used in case of a disaster.