Modern education:Modern liberal education introduced into the country by the British has played a crucial role in undermining the importance of caste in Indian social life.Increase in the importance of wealth:
Under the caste system, birth was taken as the basis of social prestige. But today, wealth has replaced birth as the basis of social prestige.
Srinivas defines sanskritization as “the process by which a low Hindu caste or tribal or any other group changes its customs, rituals, ideology and way of life in the direction of a high and frequently ‘twice-born’ caste”.
The role of secularization in weakening the caste system is great.