The largest industrial use of oil is standard gasoline and diesel. It is also present in essentially every other industrial sector; factories need gasoline to transport their goods, shipping companies need gasoline to power their ships and any industry that needs to move something from one place to another uses gasoline to do so.
Jet FuelA very specific, yet very high-demand industry is the aviation industry. Jet fuel is a specific kind of fuel used by aircraft, from passenger airplanes to cargo airplanes. It kerosene-based, which gives it a higher ignition temperature. According to the U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission, this is a key feature of jet fuel, as it is used in such high quantities that a fire can be devastating.Since the aviation industry consumes so much jet fuel, it is the third-largest user of oil, in spite of it being just one industry of a multitude of industries that use oil. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. consumes just under 1,500 barrels of jet fuel each day. This is substantially less than motor gasoline's 9,000 barrels, but substantially more than residual oil's paltry-by-comparison 397.
Residual oil is used for things like plastic bags, asphalt, polyester and makeup. Therefore, there are a number of industries who use oil both as their raw material and as their means of transporting that raw material. Residual oil is made into plastic by heating it, then combining it with chemical catalysts. This creates "fluff," which is then cooled and cut into plastic. With regards to makeup, oil is used to create makeup's base; it is the key ingredient that makes makeup stick to the skin and apply to it smoothly.