1. Name: Malawi, PKA Nyasaland, NN The Warm Heart Of Africa
Location: Southeast Africa, bordered by Zambia (NW), Tanzania (NE), Mozambique (E, S, W). Separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi.
Data: 118,000 km2 (45, 560 sq mi.), estimated population of 16,777,547 (7/13, EST).
Cities: Largest city Lilongwe (Capital), 2nd largest Blantyre, 3rd largest Mzuzu.
History: Settled by migrating Bantu groups in 10C. Colonized by Brits in 1891. Became part of semi-independent CAF in 1953. Fed. dissolved in ’63. Nyasaland free by ’64, renamed to Malawi.
Govt. & Def.: Democratic & multi-party. Small MF comprising of army, navy, and air-wing.
Demographics: Agrarian economy, Large rural population. Low LE, high infant-mortality. Diverse population comprising of natives, Asians, & Europeans. Multi-lingual, multi-religion. Cultural practices. and cuisine heavily influenced by local, S.African and overseas.
Traditions: Dance & traditional music, seen at initiations, rituals, weddings, & celebrations. Basketry & mask carving used in traditional ceremonies performed by the natives. Wood carving & oil painting popular in urban areas, sold to tourists.
Sports: Most popular-Soccer. Introduced by Brits. Basketball gaining popularity.
Literature: Several internationally recognized literary figures from Malawi.
Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. The country is separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi. Malawi is over 118,000 km2 with an estimated population of 16,777,547. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area. The area of Africa now known as Malawi was settled by migrating Bantu groups around the 10th century. In 1953 Malawi, then known as Nyasaland, became part of the semi-independent central African Federation. Malawi's economy is heavily based in agriculture, with a largely rural population. Dances are a strong part of Malawi's culture and traditional music and dances can be seen at initiation rites, rituals, marriage ceremonies and celebrations. The indigenous ethnic groups of Malawi have a rich tradition of basketry and mask carving, and some of these goods are used in traditional ceremonies still performed by native people. There are several internationally recognized literary figures from Malawi.