Over-population has been major problem in India. The efforts to
remove the curse of population problem have only been partially
effective. In consequence the rate of population increase has gone down,
but the balance between the optimum population growth and a healthy
nation is far to be achieved.
Both men and women should realize the dangers of over-population. If
we make a random survey we shall find that still there are women as well
as men who are not able to grasp why they should have less children.
The television instructs through advertisements and tableaus about the
merit of a small, manageable family. But still there are families that
suffer from die-hard superstition. They consider adoption as an unholy
activity. Again the backward tradition of professional ancestry is also
firmly rooted in a large cross-section of our Indian society. A
blacksmith, a carpenter, a mason or a tailor promptly trains his
children to pick up the trade of their father. Naturally, they have a
psychological make-up that the more sons they have the more they can
employ. Thus a laborer produces more as that mean more income.
People, themselves must realize the merits of a small family. They
should be encouraged to adopt preventive checks – checks that control
the birth rate.
Another factor that encourages the growth-rate is religion. Some
communities consider any mandate or statutory method of prohibition to
be sacrilegious. India being a secular state, she cannot exercise any
check or restraint on religious grounds.
Another great factor that contributes to the population growth is the
cursed voting system. It is based on number. On the other hand the
voting pattern, especially in northern India, is based on caste.
Naturally, the caste that outstrips the other castes in sheer number of
votes enjoys a comparatively higher leverage in the domain of powers.
Early marriages not only leads to high-population
and thwart the progress of our young population, they entail an enormous
amount of trouble to young mothers. These young girls, in most cases,
are not healthy enough to bear the burden of childbearing.
The importance of a higher standard of living should be inculcated in
the mind of the mass of the people. The desire for better living
conditions automatically works as a deterrent to heavy increases in
population. It restricts the population explosion and thus tends to keep
high the efficiency of our existing population.
Education at the grass root, more equitable distribution of the
natural wealth, restrictions on religious fanatics that would damage the
country’s economy by unnecessary births, and lastly, weight age to
voting not by number but by some other method – these alone can bring
about a kind of effective control over the population problem.