In India, a certain number of political positions and university posts are held for specific groups of the population, includingScheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes,Backward Castes, Anglo-Indians and Women.

There are reserved constituencies in both Parliamentary and State Assembly elections. Candidates of General category are not eligible to contest from these constituencies. All voters are to vote for one of the candidates (from Scheduled Castes or Schedule Tribes). In case of Municipal elections and other Local Bodies elections, the constituencies are known as Wards. Thus, there may be as many Wards or Constituencies as the number of elected seats in the elected body.

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