1.the state that changes from liquid into gas is called evaporation
2.usually we get rain from evaporation of large amount of water from the water bodies
3.we can also say due to large amount of the heat the water of the surface gets heated and becomes the water vapor and mixes in the atmosphere or air,during the heating process the bubbles are formed inside the water
4. Evaporation that occurs directly from the solid phase below the melting point, as commonly observed with ice at or below freezing or moth crystals (naphthalene or paradichlorobenzene), is called sublimation.
5.common example for understanding is boiling of water
1.the state that changes from gas into liquid is called condensation
2.here also the condensation is involved in rain due to the cooling of water vapour and forms in to the liquid.
3.Condensation generally occurs in the atmosphere when warm air rises, cools and looses its capacity to hold water vapor.
4.When the transition happens from the gaseous phase into the solid phase directly, the change is called deposition.
5.common example is the water vapor into rain droplets