Ambedkar on Buddhism
Buddhism all his life, he saw Buddhism as a
means to end the caste system in India and Hinduism perpetuates caste
injustices. He devoted his attention to Buddhism and travelled to Sri Lanka to attend a meeting of the World Fellowship of
Buddhists. After his return,
Ambedkar announced he was writing a book on Buddhism and when he completes the
book, he would formally convert to Buddhism.
He twice visited Burma in 1954, the second time to attend the third conference
of the World Fellowship of Buddhists in Rangoon.
In 1955, he founded the
Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha or the Buddhist Society of
a formal public ceremony for himself and his supporters in Nagpur on 14 October 1956. Ambedkar formally converted to Buddhism along with
his wife by accepting the Three Refuges and Five Precepts from a Buddhist monk in the traditional manner. He then proceeded to convert some 500,000 of
his supporters who were gathered around him. He
prescribed the 22 Vows for these converts, after the Three Jewels and Five Precepts. Ambedkar
wrote few books on Buddhism “The Buddha and His Dhamma” was published in 1956 and "The Buddha
or Karl Marx" on December 2, 1956.