Paris Climate Conference
or the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Paris, France,
from 30 November to 12 December 2015. The main agenda of this conference was to
address one of the burning topics of today – climatic change and increase in
the global temperature. It negotiated the Paris agreement, which aims to
encourage nations to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases so as to reduce
the climatic change caused by the human activities. The members of the
conference have agreed to immediately reduce their carbon output and make all
possible efforts to keep global warming well below 1.5 degree Celsius.
The Indian Prime
Minister, Mr Narendra Modi represented India and actively participated in the negotiations
of the Paris agreement. India promised to reduce 33 to 35 percent of the greenhouse
emission intensity and plant more forests by 2030 to absorb carbon emissions. It
also pledged to produce about 40% of electricity from renewable sources of energy.
Along with the French president, François Hollande, Narendra Modi proposed the creation
of an alliance of countries (similar to Organization of the Petroleum Exporting
Countries) where solar power can be tapped in abundance and be used instead of
conventional sources of energy.
While the Indian promise
to Paris climate conference seems like an ambitious goal, it is certainly not
unachievable. And since the problem faced – global warming, is so perilous, it
certainly demands strong decisions and definitive actions to be taken to combat
it. Having vast lands at its disposal, the government of India has already
approved a proposed legislation to manage a huge afforestation fund in order to
plant trees for almost 140,000km along both sides of the national highways and
create a carbon sink. Plans to increase the renewable energy generation
capacity are already in their inception stage. It will definitely take a
dedicated effort and huge sums of money from India to keep its promises made in
the Paris conference. But with proper planning and undeterred determination, it
should not be a herculean task to accomplish.