Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, also known as Babasaheb was born on April 14, 1891. Ambedkar was born in the British founded town and military cantonment of Mhow in the central provinces. He was the 14th and the last child of Ramji Maloji Sakpal and Bhimabai Murbadkar. His family belonged to a Marathi background from the town of Ambavade in the Ratnagiri district of modern day Maharashtra.
His father served in the Indian Army at Mhow cantonment. Ambedkar received a degree of formal education in Marathi and English.
They were from Hindu Mahar Caste, who were treated as untouchables. Though he attended the school but he was given no attention by the teachers. He was not even allowed to sit in the class. Overcoming numerous social and financial obstacles, Ambedkar passed his matriculation examination in 1907 and entered the University of Bombay, becoming one of the first persons of untouchable origin to enter a college in India. He was married to a nine year old girl, Ramabai from Dapoli in 1908.
He entered Elphinstone College and obtained a scholarship of twenty five rupees a month from Gayakward ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III for higher studies in the U.S.A. By 1912, he obtained his degree in economics and political science and prepared to take up employment with the Baroda state government. In the same year his wife gave birth to her first son, Yashwant.
In 1935, Ambedkar was appointed principal of the Government Law College for two years. He founded the Independent Labour Party in 1936, which won 15 seats in the 1937 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly. He was appointed chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee.
Ambedkar had been suffering from diabetes since 1948.From June to October in 1954, he was bed ridden owing to clinical depression and failing eyesight. He died in his sleep on December 6, 1956 at his home in Delhi. A memorial for Ambedkar was established in his Delhi house at 26 Alipur Road. His birth date is celebrated as a public holiday known as Ambedkar Jayanti. Many public institutions are named in his honor, such as the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University in Hyderabad, B.R. Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur etc.
On the anniversary of his birth and death and on Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Din, 14th October at Nagpur at least half a million people gather to pay homage to him at his memorial in Mumbai.
He was an Indian nationalist, jurist, dalit, Buddhist, political leader and a Buddhist revivalist. He was also the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. Ambedkar spent his whole life fighting against social discrimination and the Indian caste system. His message to his followers was “Educate!!!, Organize!!!, Agitate!!!”