Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?
(ii) How have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources?

NCERT Class 10th Social Science (Contemporary India II) Chapter 1 Resources and Development




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(i) The land resource in India is divided into agricultural, forest land, land for pasture and grazing and also the waste land. According to the research, the 54% of the total land area is cultivable, 22.5% of land is full of forests and the 3.45% area is used for the grazing. Moreover, the land under forest has not increased since 1960-61 because there was more demand of the land in the post independence era to expand the agriculture.

(ii) The technical and economic development has led to more consumption of resources because:

-Technical development requires more equipment, which is possible by the consumption of more resources.

-The economic development of the country is increasing, which demands more people, so the ultimate result is more consumption of resources.

-For latest technologies, various materials are needed, which is possible by consuming more resources.