(i) The land resource in India is divided into agricultural,
forest land, land for pasture and grazing and also the waste land. According to
the research, the 54% of the total land area is cultivable, 22.5% of land is
full of forests and the 3.45% area is used for the grazing. Moreover, the land
under forest has not increased since 1960-61 because there was more demand of
the land in the post independence era to expand the agriculture.
(ii) The technical and economic development has led to more
consumption of resources because:
-Technical development requires more equipment, which is
possible by the consumption of more resources.
-The economic development of the country is increasing, which
demands more people, so the ultimate result is more consumption of resources.
-For latest technologies, various materials are needed, which
is possible by consuming more resources.