With humongous difference in their daily day to day affairs at the helm of the state, the people of Punjab have survived peacefully over decades. Although, castes, creeds and religions differ amongst them yet most of them have fostered a new bond of selfless decimation to the state that ensures equality to all of its inhabitants.

The society of Punjab is such that it facilitates a developmental scope for even the most down trodden in the state. The largest community in the state of Punjab is that of Sikh - Jats. Majorly simple agrigarian people, this community and their representative’s contribution to the land of Punjab is unsurpassable as a community and also as individuals.

Treading the path set by the holy Gurus, the Sikhs are usually people leading a simple lifestyle but thrive on prosperity of the state. Punjab also houses a number of tribes and their subsequent sub tribes. Kambhos, Sainis, Pakhiwaras, Bazigars, Sansis and Bawris are the dominant communities of the minorities. These people usually indulge in basic agriculture and trade.

The state of Punjab owes its name from the natural gift that makes Punjab be a land of five flowing and hale rivers. Watered by the greatness of the Sutlej, Beas, Ghaggar and Ravi the state of Punjab is the epitome of fertility and allows abundant scope for agricultural activities. There is hence no surprise in the fact that the people of Punjab are affluent and known nationwide for their wonderful crops.

Not only can the state of Punjab be identified by its explicit and fun loving culture, traditional folklore and Tandoori Cuisine, the region can also be identified by the richness of its crops.


The scope of ethnicity in Punjab races across many clans and castes. The most dominating and a clear majority in the state of Punjab is that of the Sikh Jats who are known for their colorful culture and their strong physical appearance and shape.

The past of the state has often troubled the Sikhs because of several unfortunate political and social epochs of trouble and violence. Yet it is only fair to assert that they now live in a state of absolute peace. On the other hand, the Sikhs make way from several other strong communities which includes that of the Khatris and Aroras. 

The cultural and traditional heritage of Punjab makes way for a dialect that originated from the amalgamation of several others. 

The land of Punjab was once a colony of several different rulers who have left a mark on its culture and way of life.


The state of Punjab also provides a cope for the peaceful practice of many socio religious orders and practices. 

Based on the teachings of Ten Gurus, the concept of Sikhism is based on the belief of one true god whose presence is never physical and can never be seen.

Punjabi Hindus

Before the introduction of Islam, the region of Punjab was mostly inhabited by the Hindus. The Hindus from Punjab are a dominating community in the state of Punjab. In fact their presence can also be seen in large numbers in the neighboring states and in the national capital. 

Punjabi Muslims

Punjab was a region that was inhabited by Hindus and a small number of Buddhists. Later, the Muslim Umayyad army headed by a man called Muhammad bin Qasim took over the control over Sindh and Punjab in the year 711 AD. The Aditya Temple located in the thriving commercial centre of the City of Multan gave Bin Qasim an extremely large amount of Gold which Bin Qasim recorded as good enough to compensate for the entire invasion. 

Punjabi Sikhs

During the rule of the Mughals in the middle of fifteenth century, a new religion of Sikhism took birth in Punjab. The Mughal period further gave rise to a military within the Sikh fraternity who fought for the righteous and slowly exploded its empire of the Sikhs. After having confronted the army of  Ahmad Shah Durrani, the community and the army of Sikhs found control and ruled over this prosperous state of Punjab and continued to rule here under the Sikh banner till Maharaja Ranjit Singh who gave the empire what it really deserved.

Punjabi Christians

In the year 1877, during the celebrations of St. Thomas' Day in London,  a certain man called Rev Thomas Valpy French was chosen to be the first ever Anglican Bishop over the city of Lahore, which was back then not only a major centre of culture but also served as the heart of Punjab in the colonial India. 

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Punjab is inhabited by people of diverse socio-cultural dominations. The inhabitants of the state are called the Punjabis. They are basically of Indo-Aryan ethnic origin and belong to South Asia. Numerous settlers like the Indo-Aryans, Persians, Synthians, Greeks, Arabs, Afghans and the British have invaded and ruled the region, giving it a unique culture. Punjabis constitute about 3% of the total population of the country. As per 2001 census, population of the state was 2.44 crores. Let us explore the people and lifestyle of Punjab in detail.

People & Lifestyle Of Punjab
The population of Punjab is a homogeneous mixture of a variety of tribes and classes. The Greeks, Scythians, Parthians, Huns, Pathans and Mughals came here, settled down and got woven into its cultural fabric. Among the various tribes, the most dominant ones are the Jats, Khatris, Aroras, Brahmans, Vaishas, Lohars, Gujjars, Tarkhans and Sansins. Some minority tribes residing in the area are Awans, Arians, Kalals, Ahluwalias, Labanas, Pathans, Nais, Sainis, Kambohs and Soods. Most of them can be further sub-divided into clans and family groups. Some other tribes include Banias, Bhatias, Brahmins and Chhimbas. Some of these tribes have Arabian, Persian and Turkish heritage.

Sikh Jat is the biggest community settled in Punjab. They are expert in agriculture and contribute significantly towards the regional agricultural output. The Khatris and Aroras are next in number. The Khatris are sub-divided into many groups; the most significant of them being the Dhaighares, Charzatis, Punjzatis, Chhezatis, Sarins, Bahris and the Khakhrains. Khatris claim to be in the direct line of the Kshatriyas of the Aryan race. The Aroras also claim to be of Khatri origin. The minority tribes in the state are occupied in agricultural operations as well as local trading operations.

Among the minor agricultural tribes in Punjab, Sainis and Kambohs are the most prominent ones. The Sainis claim their origin from the Rajputs, while Kambohs are from "Kamboj Desh” in Afghanistan. They, along with other minorities like Bawris, Bazigars and the Pakhiwaras, have retained their aboriginal customs and beliefs. Every village in Punjab has its own customs and rituals. Every community has its own social customs, which are unique to it. Even when a Jat and Khatri are next-door neighbors, some of their cultural traits vary a lot. Despite such a wide diversity, a common thread of homogeneity binds the Punjabis as a whole. The people with ethnic diversity blend together to represent a veritable aura of multi-dimensional bondage and brotherhood.
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