In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.
(a) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male.
(b) In a city, 5 per cent of the population are Buddhists.
(c) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians.
(d) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families.

NCERT Class 8th Social Science Social and Political Life Ch 1 The Indian Constitution



The type of people who are in lesser numbers belong to "Minority".

(a) 20 teachers out of 30 in a school are male. Thus, female teachers are in minority.

(b)Only 5% population of a city consists of the Buddhists. So, the Buddhists are in minority.

(c)80% employees are vegetarian in the factory. So, the Non-Vegetarians are in minority.

(d)In class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-of (i.e. rich) families. So, the students belonging to poor or middle class families are in minority.