The extinction of animals in today's society is a large problem. Wildlife conservation programs have been working hard to save many different species from extinction. Some of these programs include The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Recourses, which keeps track of the number of species in the wilderness, and the Fish and Wildlife Service, which sets up refugees for many endangered species to live. The Endangered Species Act preserves animals that are destined for extinction. Others, such as the Species Survival Plan, which decides which species should be considered endangered, and the International Species Information System, which holds al genetic information on different species, are set up to also save our animals.
All wild animals must have food, water, and shelter in order to survive, just like humans. Pollution, poaching, and the destruction of habitats can serve as the main purpose why many animals are now on the verge of extinction.
Rehabilitation is necessary for some animals in the wilderness. This involves caring for the injured, ill, and orphaned wildlife that are found. Many rehabilitation animals are victims of human intervention. The goal of rehabilitating the animals is to take care of them and cure them and then eventually set them free. The time that they are released depends on weather, season, habitat, and location. These people that help to rehabilitate the animals also work on finding ways to prevent further accidents that may cause any other animals harm.
Many conservationists also practice captive breeding. Captive breeding is the breeding of endangered species in captivity in hopes to someday return them to their home in the wilderness.
Some steps in the direction of wildlife conservation could be as follows:
(i) To survey and collect all the information about wildlife, especially, their number and growth.
(ii) To protect habitat by protecting forests.
(iii) To delimit the areas of their natural habitat.
(iv) To protect wildlife from pollution and from natural hazards.
(v) To impose complete restriction on hunting and capturing of wildlife.
As many as 165 game sanctuaries and 21 national parks have been developed to protect the natural habitat and wild animals. Apart from this, a Wild Life Conservation Week is also celebrated from 7th of October every year. But still there is a long way to go in this direction.