The French Revolution of 1789 is regarded as a great land mark in the history of the world. It was as much a war of bayonets as that of ideas. France was famous for its despotic rule. The legacy of Louis XV to his countrymen was an ill-governed, discontented and frustrated France. The result was the outbreak of revolution of the French people against autocracy and aristocracy in 1789 A.D.
Political conditions, social inequalities, miserable condition of common people, arbitrary rulers, corrupt administration, absence of uniform system of laws, rise of middle class, extravagance of the royal family, unfair distribution of wealth and selfish motives of nobility and higher clergy created the conditions of revolution.
The ideas of philosophers like Montesquieu, Voltaire and Rousseau inspired the people to rise against oppressive king and immoral nobility and clergy. The royal Treasury had become empty and the helpless king had to call the Estates general after 175 years on july 14, 1789 A.D., a mob of people of Paris attacked the fortress of Bastille, a state prison of bad reputation. They kill the guards and set free the prisoners. The fall of Bastille was the victory of the people and marked the beginning of the revolution.