Cotton and jute are the 2 main fibre crops of India. India is the 3rd largest producer of cotton in the world. high temperatures, moderate rainfall, black and red soils are best suited to cultivation of cotton. The main cotton producing states are Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Gujarat.
Uniformly high temperatures(more than 25C), heavy rainfall (more than 150 cms), high relative humidity, tropical monsoon climate favours the cultivation of Jute. Almost all of India's Jute is produced in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Orissa, Meghalaya.