Swachh Bharat mission is a big campaign ever in India because around 3 million government employees and students have taken part on the day of its launch. This mission seeks the active participation of the people of any age group from all corners of the country to be completed till 2019, 2nd of October, the 150th birthday anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi. This campaign was especially launched on 2nd of October in 2014 (145th birth anniversary of the Mahatma Gandhi) to fulfil the vision of clean India of Mahatma Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi had dreamt of clean India and said that, “Sanitation is more important than Independence”. According to the data of 2011 census, it has been estimated that only 32.70% of the total rural population has access to the toilets. According to the UN report, India is a country where largest number of people in the world use open defecation system. The nationwide cleanliness campaign of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi “Swachh Bharat Mission” was started from the Valmiki Basti in New Delhi. He had requested the 1.25 billion people of India to join the campaign while addressing the nation on the day of launch.
He himself swept the pathway of Valmiki Basti after paying tribute to the memorials of Mahatma Gandhi and former Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri on their birth anniversaries. He said that “Swachh Bharat Campaign logo is not just a logo, through it Gandhiji is watching us and we all should clean India. I am not claiming that the newly elected government is doing everything. Be it temples, mosques, gurudwaras or any place, we must take efforts to clean our surroundings. Cleanliness is not only the responsibility of the ‘safaai kaamgar’, it is the responsibility of 125 crore Indians. If Indians can reach Mars at a cheap cost, can we not clean our neighbourhoods?”
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has following objectives to: make available individual toilets, eliminate open defecation, enhance public awareness for cleanliness, promote the use of latrine among common public, promote behavioural changes, keep villages clean proper disposal of solid and liquid wastes, set up water pipelines in villages, ensure water supply, etc. This mission is the ultimate goal to make our country a clean and developed country forever having clean and happy citizens.